There are three 20-year agreements that allow the RCMP to act as the B.C. Provincial Police and as a municipal force for municipalities with RCMP services. The agreements entered into force in 2012. On 1 June 1858, Agustus Pemberton was appointed a fellow for Victoria and the city`s police commissioner.  The Vancouver Island Colony Police and Prison Service was founded by Pemberton after his appointment in 1858 and formalized prosecutions in the colony. This year, the population of the colony of Vancouver Island had grown from a few hundred to several thousand almost overnight due to the influx of migrants linked to the gold rush on the Fraser River in British Columbia. The newly appointed commissioner of police, who was also a police judge, was the law and order representative on Vancouver Island and his immediate mission was to organize a police force for the colony. He was responsible for police stations and prisons in Victoria and surrounding communities. Unlike the mainland, the colony of Vancouver Island had had a police force of one kind or another since the colony`s creation in 1849.
The Victoria Voltigeurs were a semi-formal police force composed of west Indians, metis and other so-called «mixed blood» recruited by Governor James Douglas, himself a Guyanese mulatto.  The Voltigeurs wore colorful outfits that, to modern eyes, looked more like a military-dressed parade uniform than modern police clothing, and were given 20 hectares of land in exchange for service.  From 1849 to 1853, the affairs of the colony of Vancouver Island were also part of the affairs of the Hudson`s Bay Company and were managed by Governor Douglas and the company`s employees. In 1853 Douglas had appointed four citizens to serve as magistrates and justices of the peace for the three districts of the colony, which included the area just west of Victoria. He then set up a supreme civilian court for the colony. In 1854, Thomas Hall was appointed the first paid constable on Vancouver Island, but records show that in 1856 Hall was also paid £7-5-10 for fourteen wooden cords, which led to questions about the police work he actually did.  Prior to 1863, Captain William Hayes Franklyn was appointed a magistrate in Nanaimo and supported by Charles S. Nicol in 1864 as a justice of the peace for Nanaimo.
  Nicol was sheriff of British Columbia between 1859 and 1860 and moved to Vancouver Island to become a director of the Vancouver Coal Company of Nanaimo. In addition, integrated teams provide services to more than one police jurisdiction. In BC, there are three broad categories of integrated teams: federal, provincial, and regional/municipal. The UBCM and the Ministry of Public Safety and the Solicitor General have partnered to provide a portal of general information on police work in British Columbia. The information should be a resource for local governments and help provide a comprehensive overview of rcmp contract policing and other related issues. In 2007, the provincial government, the West Vancouver Police Board, and the Squamish and Tsleil-Waututh First Nations signed a police agreement to create an integrated First Nations police unit. . . .